The Dada movement was founded by Hugo Ball, a poet, and Emmy Hennings, a dancer, at Cabaret Voltaire in Zurich in 1915.


Their main aim was political protest and reaction against war and the butchery of WW1. They were also anti art of the Petit Bourgoise.

Later groups were formed in Berlin, Hannover, Cologne, Paris and New York



The next few posts will include the individual pieces of work that I produced to make my final montage on Key Developments in Visual Communication between 1915 and 1940. The first one is main image for Futurism.


The Futurists were founded in 1910, in Milan, by Filippo Tommaso Marinetti. It was an artistic and social movement inspired by speed and the motor car, technology, youth, violence, patriotism and war. They were also supporters of Mussolini and Fascism. The Futurist manifesto was printed in Le Figaro newspaper at the time.


Not many posts lately because we have been busy silk-screen printing and have just begun new briefs. However, during my preparation for the infographic Key Developments in Visual Communication between 1915 and 1940, I was preparing an image depicting cubism and decided to cut a picture of Pablo Picasso and another of Georges Braque in half and join them together. The outcome was uncanny…


It was a perfect fit?

Well, what do you make of that?

I will be posting the complete infographic shortly.

Visit to Hereford Cathedral to view the Mappa Mundi

As a prelude to visiting the Cathedral we watched a film presented by Stephen Fry about the Gutenburg Press….

Johannes Gutenberg was born in Mainz, Germany in 1400. At that time all books were written by hand on velum and he recognised the need for a more efficient process. There were vineyards in the locality and so he probably based his design for a printing press on those that were used for extracting the juice from grapes. He also had to derive a letter set to go with it. By coincidence paper was being developed at the same time, to replace velum, which made the press viable.

After seeing the film we went to visit the Mappa Mundi permanent display in the grounds of Hereford Cathedral. Before this we were privileged to view old books in the library above the exhibition area, which has a collection of ancient books that were written by monks and nuns and then embellished with special characters by specialists. These characters indicated the beginning of new chapters (gospels).

A hand-written, embellished book of Psalms with side notes

In the middle ages most written works belonged and were produced by the church. Therefore, they had power through knowledge. Furthermore they were written in Latin which was the universal language at that time. The printed book opened up the path to knowledge to more unprivileged people.

An early printed book by William Morris

The Mappa Mundi was the largest map to be produced on a single piece of velum in about 1300. It described that world as it was known at that time.

Part of the exhibition included the chained library, where the books were secured because of their value.